Kidney Disease and Related Kidney Conditions
The Froedtert & the Medical College of Wisconsin health network has nationally recognized experts with advanced training in diagnosing and treating all types of kidney disease, including:
- Acute kidney disease – Also called acute renal failure, the condition comes on suddenly and can be caused by infection, injury, medical conditions or certain medications, including some antibiotics and pain medications. Acute kidney failure can be serious, or even fatal, so it requires prompt, comprehensive treatment. It can often be reversed with proper treatment. A full recovery is often possible.
- Chronic kidney disease (CKD) – When kidneys are permanently damaged or lose function for three months or more, the condition is referred to as chronic kidney disease. CKD is the most common type of kidney disease, and it generally becomes progressively worse. Stages include chronic renal insufficiency, kidney/renal failure and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Common causes of CKD include polycystic kidney disease (PKD), high blood pressure (hypertension), and diabetes.
- Kidney stones – A kidney stone is a solid matter that forms from the crystallization of excreted substances in the urine. Kidney stones may remain in the kidney or break away and travel down the urinary tract, where larger stones can prevent the flow of urine and cause great pain. Our Kidney Stone Clinic offers preventive treatment to reduce the risk of recurrent kidney stones. In some cases, procedures to remove stones may be required.
- Kidney cancer
Pregnancy and Kidney Disease
There are many special considerations for patients with kidney disease who are or who want to become pregnant. Men and women on dialysis or who have had kidney transplants may have questions about fertility or about using birth control. Our nephrologists work closely with fertility specialists to answer these questions.
We have all the resources of an academic medical center to provide expert care related to kidney disease, conception and pregnancy. Learn more about our Reproductive Medicine Center and our Birth Center, with expertise in caring for high-risk pregnancies.
Related Kidney Disease Conditions
Many conditions exist in conjunction with kidney disease. Program physicians understand this, and are experienced in diagnosing and optimally treating conditions including:
- Anemia and kidney disease
- Electrolyte disorders – Electrolyte disorders are imbalances in the minerals your body needs to function, such as sodium, chloride, potassium, and carbon dioxide. Some electrolyte disorders can be caused by impaired kidney function. They can also lead to kidney stones or kidney failure.
- Gout – Gout is a painful disease caused by the buildup of uric acid in the blood. If the body makes too much, or if the kidneys don’t clear it properly, levels may climb and a condition called hyperuricemia can develop. Hyperuricemia can lead to gout when crystals form in the joints or kidneys. Crystals in the kidneys can become stones, which can permanently damage kidneys or cause chronic kidney disease and kidney failure.
- Being overweight or obese – These conditions can increase the chances of developing diabetes or high blood pressure, leading causes of chronic kidney disease. Men with more than 25 percent body fat and women with more than 30 percent body fat are considered obese. Being overweight or obese has also been associated with focal glomerulosclerosis, a type of scarring in the kidneys that impairs kidney function.