Skin Cancer Risk Factors & Diagnostics
Risk Factors for Skin Cancer
While everyone is at risk for skin cancer, it is more likely to occur in:
- People with lighter skin tones
- Those who have spent time in the sun or indoor tanning booths
- Those who currently live in or at one time lived in locations with intense sunlight.
- People who typically get sunburn and never tan are particularly susceptible to skin cancer.
Diagnosing Skin Cancer
Patients usually know their diagnosis before coming to the Skin Cancer Center. However, the latest diagnostic tests are available through the Skin Cancer Center if additional information is needed. Some of these tests include:
- Lymphatic mapping with sentinel lymph node biopsy
- Fine needle aspiration biopsy
- Computed tomography (CT) scan
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan
- Positron emission tomography (PET) scan
- Blood tests
- Chest X-ray
- Nuclear imaging bone scan
These tests help physicians determine the extent of the disease to help patients choose the best treatment. The extent is based on the size (width) of the growth, how deeply it has grown beneath the top layer of skin, and whether cancer cells have spread to nearby lymph nodes or to other parts of the body.