People who had a solid organ transplant, such as a heart transplant, were not included in clinical trials for Moderna or Pfizer COVID-19 vaccines. At this time, we don’t have data on how well the vaccines work in transplant patients or what side effects the vaccines might have.
Transplant patients may be at a higher risk of getting severe COVID-19, and we have seen that they can have worse outcomes if they do get it. Due to their increased risk for severe COVID-19, the CDC suggests transplant patients get the vaccine, because potential benefits outweigh possible risks at this time. Experts from the American Society of Transplantation (AST) believe that, based on how the vaccine works, it is unlikely to trigger organ rejection. The AST recommends vaccination.
If you will receive a transplant within one month, or you received your transplant within the past six months, ask your doctor about getting a COVID-19 vaccination. If you are receiving pre-transplant or post-transplant care, your doctor may tell you to wait.
After getting your vaccination, continue to follow COVID-19 safety guidelines. This is important in preventing the spread of the virus until we know more about how the vaccine reduces spread and how long protection lasts. These guidelines include wearing a mask, staying 6 feet away from others, washing hands often and avoiding crowds.