Several diagnostic tests may be used to accurately diagnose lipid disorders.
- Cholesterol test (lipid panel) – A commonly used blood test that measures levels of cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL).
- Advanced lipid profile testing – A more sophisticated test that goes beyond standard screening to further identify the various components of cholesterol.
- Lipoprotein(a) test – A newer blood test, not part of a standard lipid panel, that is used to measure the amount of LDL or low-density lipoprotein in your blood. Lipoprotein(a) is a lesser known type of LDL, or bad cholesterol. An elevated Lp (A) level in your blood can indicate a higher level of risk for heart attack, stroke or aortic stenosis in the future.
- Coronary artery calcium (CAC) scan/scoring – A non-invasive test that uses CT imaging to measure the amount of calcium in the arteries. Also called a heart scan, it helps determine the risk of coronary artery disease or heart attack.
- Exercise stress testing
- Vascular lab