Treatments for coronary artery disease range from medical management, to minimally invasive procedures to open heart surgical procedures. Each patient is different and requires a personalized treatment approached based on all of the possible options and other existing medical needs.
Treatment Approaches of an Academic Medical Center
As eastern Wisconsin’s only academic medical center, we are able to offer patient outcomes in coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery (bypass surgery or coronary bypass surgery) that exceed national standards.
Following are some other treatment options for coronary artery disease:
If you are having symptoms of a heart attack, call 9-1-1 immediately. Quality emergency care is vital to opening blocked coronary arteries and restoring blood flow to the heart to prevent further damage. Read more about our emergency care, low door-to-balloon times and Cardiac Intensive Care Unit (CICU).
Risk factor control
Controlling risk factors such as smoking, high cholesterol, diabetes, obesity, lack of exercise and high blood pressure can help reduce the risk of developing coronary artery disease.
Several types of medications can help treat coronary artery disease, including:
- Antiplatelet medications – used to decrease the ability of platelets in the blood to stick together and cause clots
- Anticoagulants (blood thinners) – can also decrease the ability of the blood to clot
- Antihyperlipidemics (statins) – used to lower lipids (fats) in the blood, particularly Low Density Lipid (LDL) cholesterol
- Antihypertensives – used to lower blood pressure
To open blocked coronary arteries, a variety of interventional catheterization procedures may be performed in the cardiac catheterization lab at Froedtert Hospital and Froedtert Menomonee Falls Hospital. Endovascular procedures — treatments performed from inside the blood vessel — may be used for some patients. These are considered non-surgical procedures and include treatments such as balloon angioplasty and stent placement.
Recovering after any heart surgery requires a comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation program to help patients return to normal activities and stay healthy. Read more about our cardiac rehabilitation program.